(Willd.) Miers ex
Hook. f. & Thoms. (Menispermaceae)
It grows throughout tropical
India, ascending to an altitude of 300m.
Morphology Description (Habit)
is a large, glabrous, deciduous climbing shrub. The stems are
rather succulent with long filiform fleshy aerial roots from
the branches. The bark is grey-brown and warty; the leaves are
membranous and cordate; the flowers, small, yellow or greenish
yellow, in axillary and terminal racemes or racemose panicles;
the male flowers clustered and females usually solitary; the
drupes are ovoid, glossy, succulent, red and pea-sized; the
tinosporaside, cordifolide, cordifol, heptacosanol, clerodane furano
diterpene, diterpenoid furanolactone tinosporidine, columbin, and
The stem is used
in general debility, dyspepsia, fevers and urinary diseases. The bitter
principles present in the drug show antiperiodic, antispasmodic, anti-inflammatory
and antipyretic properties. The plant is used in Ayurvedic rasayanas
to improve the immune system and the body's resistance against infections.
It is used as an immunomodulator in immunosuppression of obstructive
jaundice, hepatic fibrosis, peritonitis and sepsis. The plant has
been found effective in preventing fibrous changes and promotes regeneration
of the liver against CCl4 induced hepato toxicity.