(Roxb.) Wight & Arn. (Combretaceae)
in ancient India carried the impression that the bark had some
special virtue in promoting the union of fractures and the dispersion
of ecchymosis when given internally.
It grows in
most parts of India and is also planted in many parts for shade
Morphology Description (Habit)
a large, evergreen tree, with a spreading crown and drooping branches.
The stems are buttressed and often fluted; the bark is very thick,
grey or pinkish green, smooth, exfoliating in large, thin, irregular
sheets; the leaves are sub-opposite, oblong or elliptic, coriaceous,
cordate; the flowers, in panicled spikes; the fruits are nearly glabrous,
ovoid or ovoid-oblong, with 5-7 hard, winged angles.
ß-sitosterol, ellagic acid, and arjunic acid.
The bark is useful
as an anti-ischemic and cardioprotective agent in hypertension and
ischemic heart diseases, especially in disturbed cardiac rhythm, angina
or myocardial infarction. The bark powder possesses diuretic, prostaglandin
enhancing and coronary risk factor modulating properties. It apparently
has a diuretic and a general tonic effect in cases of cirrhosis of