Safed musli, Khairuva
The tuberous roots are pickled in Kumaun. The young
shoots are eaten as a vegetable.
It grows in the western Himalayas, Himachal
Pradesh, and Kumaun up to an altitude of 1,500 meters.
Morphology Description (Habit)
It is a sub-erect, prickly shrub with white tuberous roots.
Stem is sub-erect, terete and smooth. Branchlets are
ascending, grooved and angled. Angles are minutely scabrid.
Spines are 1.5 cm long, stout and straight. Cladodes are
|slender, filiform, terete, soft and sub-erect or
curved. Racemes are many flowered. Perianth segments are
spreading. The berry is one seeded.
Steroidal glycosides were identified1. Several compounds
like 3-heptadecanone, 8-hexadecenoic acid, methyl
pentacosanoate, palmitic acid, stearic acid were identified2.
There is no adverse effect reported on usage of this plant.
The tuberous roots are used as tonic and said to be useful
in general debility.
- Fitoterapia, 1990, Vol. 29(9), pp. 2957-2959.
- Fitoterapia, 1990, vol. 61(5), pp. 473.