Anacyclus pyrethrum DC (Asteraceae) /
A. officinarum Hayne
It is native to Arabia and Syria, But is also found
in the Indian market. The Sanskrit name itself is nearly
same as the Arabic name. It possesses powerful stimulant
properties. It is also used in rheumatic affections.
A native of North Africa, it
has been grown on an experimental scale in Himalayan regions
from seeds imported from Algeria.
Morphology Description (Habit)
It is a perennial, procumbent herb. Leaves are bipinnately
segmented and the segments are linear. The ray-florets are
white and purplish beneath. The roots, from the market
samples are simple, 7-10 cm long having brown, rough,
shrivelled surface, with the root bark closely adhering to
The roots contain anacyclin1.
It is physiologically analogous to piperine1.
It is one of the ingredients of a drug which cures male
sexual disorders without any toxic effect2.
There is no adverse effect reported on this plant.
They have a slight aromatic smell and a persistent, pungent
taste, exciting a remarkable flow of saliva. It possesses
stimulant and rubifacient properties.
- Wealth Asia - CD-ROM, CSIR, New Delhi.
- Med. Arom. Pl. Abstr., 1979, 1, Abst. No.00 80; Chem.
Abstr, 1949, 43, 5527.